Yoga Sutra

Samadhi Pada

Sutra 1.40

परमाणु परममहत्त्वान्तोऽस्य वशीकारः॥४०॥ 
paramāṇu parama-mahattva-anto-‘sya vaśīkāraḥ ॥40॥

By these practices, mastery is gained which extends from the smallest atom to the object of the greatest magnitude.

paramāṇu= extremly small atom
parama-mahattva = extreme magnitude
anta = as the end
asya = belong to
vaśīkāraḥ = mastery

Having achieved the stability of the mind, yogi gets mastery that extends from the smallest atom to the object (s) of the greatest magnitude.

Commentary by Maharishi Vyasha

His mastery extends from the minutest atom to the object of infinite magnitude

By meditating upon the minutest objects, he acquires steadiness over those objects. And by meditating upon the gross objects, he gets stability that extends to the infinity. He who has gone to these extreme ends gets the supreme mastery of non-disturbance. He no longer requires the purification of mind by practice.

Commentary by Swami Vivekananda

The Yogi’s mind thus meditating, becomes un-obstructed from the atomic to the Infinite.

The mind, by this practice, easily contemplates the most minute thing, as well as the biggest thing. Thus the mind waves become fainter.

Commentary by Sri Osho



From the smallest to the greatest, he becomes master of all. Meditation is the door to the infinite power. Meditation is the door to the super-conscious.


Conscious you are: move into the depths of the unconscious. It is going into the basement of your being. Gather more and more awareness so you can move into sleep, into dream. Start by gathering awareness in your waking hours; that will help you to move into the unconscious. Then gather more awareness into the unconscious; that will help you to move into the super-conscious. Energy will be needed. Your energy right now is just like a flicker – not enough. Create more energy through awareness.


It is just like you heat water, or you heat ice. If you heat ice it melts. On a certain degree of heat it becomes water. Then you have to heat it more if you want it to evaporate. Then go on heating – then on a certain degree, a hundred degrees, suddenly it takes a jump and evaporates. Quantity changes into quality. Quantitative change becomes qualitative. Below a certain degree it is ice, beyond that degree it becomes water. Below a certain degree, again it remains water; beyond that degree it evaporates, becomes vapor. When it is ice, it is almost dead and closed-cold, not warm enough to be alive. When it is water, it is more flowing, more alive, not closed. It has melted, it is warmer. But water moves downwards. When it evaporates, the dimension has changed; it is no more horizontal, it becomes vertical; it goes upwards.


First become more and more alert in waking hours. That will bring you to a certain degree of heat. It is really a certain degree of inner heat, a certain temperature of your consciousness. That will help you to move into the unconscious. Then become more and more conscious into the unconscious. More effort will be needed, more energy will be created. Then suddenly one day you will find you are moving upwards; you have become weightless. Now the gravitation doesn’t affect you. You are becoming super conscious.


Super conscious has all power: it is omnipotent, it is omniscient, it is omnipresent. Super-conscious is everywhere. Super-conscious has every power that is possible, and super-conscious sees everything – it has become absolute clarity of vision.